30 years of the World Wide Web – a huge mountain of data

If you want to make real money with the Internet, you need a good business idea and a lot of expertise. It is true that a company will not be successful without a website, but that alone is no longer enough. Since the World Wide Web saw the light of day in 1990, a mountain of data has emerged in which it is becoming increasingly difficult to keep track of things.

The way to billions of pages

The internet started in the 1950s and 1960s. The Advanced Research Project Agency Network (ARPAnet) was originally developed for military purposes. During the Cold War, the USA wanted to use it to exchange messages without the Russians being able to read along. The network was opened for civil projects as early as 1965. Two protocols were developed in 1972 and 1973 that still play a role today. FTP is the protocol responsible for transferring files. The File Transfer Protocol is used when, for example, data or software are made available for download. They are available for this on publicly accessible FTP servers. The servers can also be used in the opposite direction for uploading.

The transmission of the data is made possible via the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). It was published a year after FTP and has since been further developed into the TCP / IP protocol. It ensures the decentralized transport of data packets in global networks. The logical addressing ensures that data reach the recipient even in unknown segments of the network.

The basics for everyday suitability

Another important invention was the Domain Name System (DNS), which made it possible to address computers globally using names that people can easily remember. The invention dates back to 1984, the year in which the first email was received in Germany. The history of e-mail began in 1965 when the Massachusetts Institute of Technology launched the “Mailbox” system. Six years later, the technician Ray Tomlison invented the e-mail address we know today with the characteristic “@” character.

The world’s first email address was tomlinson @ bbntenexa. Tomlinson sent the first email to himself. The groundbreaking idea he had only came to light in the 1990s. The first e-mail in Germany reached Michael Rotert at the University of Karlsruhe on August 2, 1984. It came from the USA and was on the road for about a day. Ten years later, the first commercially successful spam email was sent. In it, lawyers advertised the acquisition of a green card.

The top-level domain “.de” has existed since November 5th, 1986. It was initially administered by the University of Dortmund. Two years later there were just six domains.

HTML and HTTP create the basis for the modern Internet

In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee presented the first development results of HTML, on which websites are based to this day. This is not a real programming language, but a markup language. The machine-readable code structures and formats texts and data. Berners-Lee also invented the HTTP protocol, which enables us to navigate the Internet. The Hypertext Transfer Protocol helps to request files from the network and load them into the browser. 

The World Wide Web began its triumphant advance in 1990, when Tim Berners-Lee uploaded the world’s first website again in December . The page was published on the domain of the CERN nuclear research center in Geneva. Three years later, CERN released the World Wide Web to the public.

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